Wetlands help slow the process of erosion by trapping sediments
How do wetland areas help stop soil loss and flooding?
It’s true that sediments get stuck in wetlands, which slows down erosion. Wetlands work like sponges that soak up water from rain, snowmelt, groundwater, and floods and slowly let it out. Trees, root mats, and other types of wetland plants also slow down and spread out floodwaters across the floodplain more slowly. Wetlands are an important part of the natural world we live in. They stop waves from damaging our shores, clean up flood damage, soak up pollution, and make the water better. They give animals and plants a place to live and may be home to many different kinds of life, including plants and animals that can’t be found anywhere else.